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Lancashire Census Facts

Sports and Pastimes | Fashion

Technical, Museum, and Picton Reading Rooms, Liverpool

Technical, Museum, and Picton Reading Rooms, Liverpool

Lancashire played a great role in England’s industrial revolution, and was home to vigorous textile industries that grew quickly in the beginning of the 19th century. Technological advances in water and steam power increased the possibilities of manufacture in the area, and allowed the whole county to develop into a major manufacturing base.

Manchester in particular was affected by the massive growth of the cotton industry- at one time, it was known locally as ‘Cottonopolis’. The city was dominated by large seven or eight storey factory buildings- Karl Schinkel, a German architect who visited the city in 1825, wrote that they were so black, they looked a hundred years old already, due to the pollution caused by combustion from industry. The factories mechanised processes that had previously only been carried out by hand, speeding up the rate of production and standardising the cloths and yarns made.

However, the working conditions for many were less than ideal- unscrupulous employers often hired very young children, subjected employees to beatings, to fines for lateness, and general abuse or discrimination was rife. The factories and mills could be an intimidating work environment too, with dangerous heavy machinery and incessant noise and fumes- diseases spread quickly throughout.

However, the factories provided mass employment, and it can’t be denied that they were an economic success- the production, spinning, weaving, bleaching and dyeing of cotton dominated Lancashire’s trade, and by the middle of the 19th century, Lancashire completely dominated the world market in textiles, employing around 5% of the English populace. This was a phenomenal accomplishment, and the county was hailed a model of industrialisation. The famous streets of terraced houses were often owned by factory masters, and working together in factories and living next door to one another in houses created a unique kind of community spirit amongst workers at the time.

Lancashire 1861 Census — Top Ten Occupations

Position

Occupation

 

1

Cotton Weaver

Scotch Fisher Girls at Scarborough

Lancashire's great industry: Cotton Weaving

2

Servant

3

House Keeper

4

Labourer

5

Coal Miner

6

Dress Maker

7

Cotton Winder

8

Cotton Spinner

9

Carter

10

Agricultural Labourer

Lancashire Census —
Famous People

Name

Listed Occupation

Laurence Stephen Lowry

In 1891 L. S. Lowry was only 3, in 1901 he was listed as "School Boy"

Fashion

What might your ancestors have been wearing at the time of the 1841 and 1881 censuses? Have a look at the lastest fashions.

BicyclingSports & Pastimes

How might your ancestors have spent their leisure time? Have a look at their sports and pastimes.

What information is included in the Lancashire census?

Note that some information for some entries may be listed as ‘unknown’.

Year

Forename & Surname

Age & Sex

Occupation

Address

Town/ County of Birth

Relation to head of household

Marital Status

Medical Disabilities

Whether Employer/
Employee

Nationality

No. of years married

No. of children born, living & died

1841

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

*

 

 

         

1851

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

County

Yes

Yes

Yes

       

1861

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

       

1871

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

       

1881

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

     

1891

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

     

1901

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

     

1911

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

* Only tells you if the person was born in the same census county (usually has a y/yes or n/no).

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